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Watson’s Theory and Philosophy of Human Caring/ Unitary Caring Science

Contributor: Jacqueline Fawcett
September 13, 2018

Author – (Margaret) Jean Watson, RN; AHN-BC; PhD; FAAN; LL (Living Legend)
Website

Exemplars –

Practice

Education

Year First Published – 1979
© 2018 Jacqueline Fawcett
Major Concepts

TRANSPERSONAL CARING RELATIONSHIP

CARING MOMENT/CARING OCCASION

CARING (HEALING) CONSCIOUSNESeS

CLINICAL CARITAS PROCESSES™

PRACTICE METHODOLOGY

Typology

Watson’s work is now considered both a philosophy as well as grand view of nursing. The work has evolved to ‘Unitary Caring Science’ as a model for nursing science, based upon a unitary worldview/ related to the maturing unitary transformative paradigm for nursing’s phenomena, including energetic caring/healing practices.  See Watson, J. (2018) Unitary Caring Science. Boulder, CO: University Press of Colorado

Brief Description 

“Watson’s work . . . focuses on the human component of caring and the moment-to-moment encounters between the one who is caring and the one who is being cared for, especially the caring activities performed by nurses as they interact with others. . . . The ultimate goal of nursing for Watson (1996) is ‘protection, enhancement, and preservation of human dignity and humanity’ (p. 148). Another goal ‘is to help persons gain a higher degree of harmony within the mind, body, and soul which generates self-knowledge, self-reverence, self-healing, and self-care processes while increasing diversity’ (Watson, 1985, p. 49). Watson (1985) went on to say that nursing is directed toward ‘finding meaning in one’s own existence and experiences, discovering inner power and control, and potentiating instances of transcendence and self-healing’ (p. 74).”

(From Fawcett, J., & DeSanto-Madeya, S. (2013). Contemporary nursing knowledge: Analysis and evaluation of nursing models and theories (3rd ed., pp. 402, 405). Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis.;
Watson, J. (1985). Nursing: Human science and human care: A theory of nursing. Norwalk, CT: Appleton-Century-Crofts. [Reprinted 1988. New York, NY: National League for Nursing.];
Watson, M. J. (1996). Watson’s theory of transpersonal caring. In P. Hinton Walker & B. Neuman (Eds.), Blueprint for use of nursing models (pp. 141–184). New York, NY: NLN Press.)

Primary Sources

Watson, J. (1979). Nursing: The philosophy and science of caring. Boston, MA: Little, Brown. [Second printing, 1985. Boulder, CO: Colorado Associated University Press.]

Watson, J. (1985). Nursing: Human science and human care. Norwalk, CT: Appleton-Century-Crofts. [Second printing, 1988. Boulder, CO: Colorado Associated University Press. Third printing, 1988. New York, NY: National League for Nursing. Reprinted, 1999. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett].

Watson, J. (1989). Watson’s philosophy and theory of human caring in nursing. In J. P. Riehl Sisca (Ed.), Conceptual models for nursing practice (3rd ed., pp. 219–236). Norwalk, CT: Appleton & Lange.

Watson, J. (1993). Rediscovering caring and healing arts. Nursing Standard, 9(7), 18–19.

Watson, J. (1997). The theory of human caring: Retrospective and prospective. Nursing Science Quarterly, 10, 49–52.

Watson, J. (1999). Postmodern nursing and beyond. New York, NY: Churchill Livingstone.

Watson, M.J. (1988). New dimensions of human caring theory. Nursing Science Quarterly, 1, 175–181.

Watson, M.J. (1996). Watson’s theory of transpersonal caring. In P. Hinton Walker & B. Neuman (Eds.), Blueprint for use of nursing models (pp. 141–184). New York, NY: NLN Press.

Watson, J. (2002). Illuminating the spiritual journey. Jean Watson tells her story. In P. Burkhardt & M.G. Nagai-Jacobson (Eds.), Spirituality: Living our connectedness. New York< NY: Delmar.

Watson, J. (2005). Caring science as sacred science. Philadelphia, PA: F. A Davis.

Watson, J. (2006). Nurses caring and sharing. American Nurse Today, 1(3), 27-28.

Watson, J. (2007). Theoretical questions and concerns: Response from a caring science framework. Nursing Science Quarterly, 20, 13-15.

Watson, J. (2008). Nursing: The philosophy and science of caring (rev. ed.). Boulder, CO: University Press of Colorado

Watson, J. (2015). Jean Watson’s theory of human caring. In M. C. Smith & M. E. Parker (Eds.), Nursing theories and nursing practice (4th ed., pp. 321-339). Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis.

Watson, J. (2018) Unitary Caring Science. Boulder, CO: University Press of Colorado

Watson, J., & Smith, M.C. (2002). Caring science and the science of unitary human beings: A trans-theoretical discourse for nursing knowledge development. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 37, 452-461.

Author

(Margaret) Jean Watson (1940 – )

Education

Experience

(From https://www.watsoncaringscience.org/jean-bio/)

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