Research/Theory Exemplar (Ray’s Theory of Bureaucratic Caring)
Investigators – Marilyn (Dee) Ray and Marian Turkel
Project dates – 1995-2003
Florida Atlantic University Christine Lynne College of Nursing, Boca Raton, Florida
Summary of study
Development of two data collection forms:
- Relational Caring Questionnaire Professional Version (download PDF
- Relational Caring Questionnaire Patient Version (download PDF)
Economic and Patient Outcomes of the Nurse-Patient Relationship. Grant funded by the Department of Defense, Tri-Service Nursing Research Council, August, 2000 ($429,255 for 3 years).
Impact of Managed Care on Mirror-Force Readiness. Grant funded by Department of Defense, Tri-Service Nursing Research Program, July, 1998 ($141,137).
Econometric Analysis of the Nurse-Patient Relationship I & II. Grant funded by Department of Defense, Tri-Service Nursing Research Council, August, 1996 ($198,473).
Nurse-Patient Relationship Patterns: An Economic Resource. Grant funded by Department of Defense, Tri-Service Nursing Research Council, September, 1995 ($148,633).
Publications Associated with Research Funding
Ray, M., & Turkel, M. (2014). Caring as emancipatory nursing praxis: The theory of relational caring complexity. Advances in Nursing Science, 37(2), 132-146
Ray, M., & Turkel, M. (2012). A Transtheoretical evolution of caring science in complex systems. International Journal for Human Caring, 16(2), 28-49.
Turkel, M., & Ray, M. (2003). A process model for policy analysis within the context of political caring. International Journal for Human Caring, 7(3), 26-34.*data based
Ray, M., Turkel, M., & Marino, F. (2002). The transformative process for nursing in workforce redevelopment. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 26(2), 1-14.
Turkel, M., & Ray M. (2001). Relational complexity: From grounded theory to instrument development and theoretical testing. Nursing Science Quarterly, 14(4), 281-287.
Ray, M., & Turkel, M. (2001). The impact of Tricare/Managed Care on Mirror Force readiness. Military Medicine, 166(4), 281-289.
Turkel, M., & Ray, M. (2000). Relational complexity: A theory of the nurse-patient relationship within an economic context. Nursing Science Quarterly, 13(4), 306-313