Theory-focused Groups

International Association for Human Caring (IAHC)

The International Association for Human Caring (IAHC) provides the forum for discovery and dissemination of caring science. Download the History of IAHC here (shared by permission)

Members of the IAHC believe:

  • Caring is the human mode of being
  • Caring is the essence of nursing and the moral imperative which guides nursing praxis (education, practice and research)
  • Caring is both spiritual and human consciousness that connects and transforms everything in the universe  Caring in nursing is action and competencies which aim toward the good and welfare of the others 
    Caring in nursing is a special way of being, knowing and doing with the goal of protection, enhancement and preservation of human dignity
  • Care is culturally diverse and universal and provides the broadest and most important means to study and explain nursing knowledge and nursing care practices.

The goals of the IAHC are to:

  1. Identify major philosophical, epistemological and professional dimensions of care and caring to advance the body of knowledge that constitutes nursing.
  2. Assist nursing and other disciplines to use care and caring knowledge in human relationships and to facilitate the application of this knowledge to transform organizational systems in which nurses function to become care-focused.
  3. Explicate the nature, scope, and functions of care and caring and its relationship to nursing.
  4. Identify the major components, processes and patterns of care and caring in relationship to nursing from a transcultural nursing perspective.
  5. Stimulate nurse scholars and other professionals world-wide to systematically investigate care and caring and to share findings with colleagues at an annual research conference.
  6. Disseminate knowledge through refereed publications and public forums.
  7. Maintain an organization with elected officers and paid members for the purpose of maintaining a network of scholars.

International Consortium of Parse Scholars (ICPS)

A network of nurses committed to the advancement of nursing as a unique discipline concerned with human dignity and living quality. The purpose of the ICPS is to contribute to the living quality of humankind through sciencing and living the art of humanbecoming.


  1. To provide a forum for nurses and other health professionals committed to sciencing and living the art of humanbecoming.
  2. To provide various venues for learning and discussing the humanbecoming paradigm with research, practice, education, and administration.
  3. To advance nursing science from the humanbecoming paradigm through presentations and publications.


  • Biennial weekend seminars: An opportunity to network, relax, and learn about the humanbecoming paradigm.
  • Illuminations bi-annual newsletter: An opportunity to keep up to date with happenings around the world in relation to Parse’s humanbecoming paradigm regarding sciencing and living the art.
  • E-mail: An opportunity to join lively discussions of cutting edge issues in nursing science via the internet. Dr. Parse is a regular participant!
  • An opportunity to participate in wonderful projects as yet to be created.

Founding Members

  • William K. Cody, RN; PhD; Charlotte, NC USA
  • Christine Jonas-Simpson, RN; PhD; Toronto, Ontario Canada
  • Patricia S. Lyon, RN; MSc; Toronto, Ontario Canada
  • Gail J. Mitchell, RN; PhD; Toronto, Ontario Canada
  • Rosemarie Rizzo Parse, RN; PhD; FAAN; Pittsburgh, PA USA
  • F. Beryl Pilkington, RN; PhD; Toronto, Ontario Canada

King International Nursing Group (KING)

Mission and Purposes

The mission of the KING  is to improve the quality of patient care, and to contribute to the science of nursing, through advancement of Imogene King’s Conceptual System for Nursing.  This includes the Theory of Goal Attainment as well as other theoretical formulations derived from the Framework.

 The Purposes of the KING Shall Be to:

  1. Examine the power of King’s Conceptual Systems as a basis for administration, education, practice, research and theory.
  2. Provide an educational forum to integrate King’s Conceptual System and related theories into practice.
  3. Provide an international arena through which nursing scholars can collaborate and disseminate their work.
  4. Facilitate networking between nurses interested in King’s Conceptual System and related theories.
  5. Contribute to the science of nursing through further development of King’s Conceptual System and related theories.

Publishes the KING Systems Update, which is the electronic newsletter, for members only

Neuman Systems Model, Inc. (NSM)

Mission and Purposes

The mission and purposes of the Neuman System Model Trustees Group, Inc. are to preserve, protect and maintain the integrity and relevance of the model for the global nursing community and global health care community.

Dr. Betty Neuman established the Trustees in 1988.  Each Trustee is a professional nurse from the United States, Canada or Holland who has demonstrated commitment to the development or use of the model in education, practice,  administration or research. As international interest in the model continues,  Trustees will be added from other nations.

The functions of the Trustees are to:

  • Engage in the continuing development and evaluation of the NSM through contributions of nurses and other health care professionals worldwide.
  • Educate nurses and the health care community about the NSM and its applications.
  • Conduct international forums to update and apprise the professional community of work related to the NSM.
  • Create multidisciplinary partnerships that advance the model.
  • Maintain a comprehensive NSM bibliography.
  • Support and extend the efforts of Betty Neuman through scholarly and creative works.

Orem International Society (OIS)

International Orem Society for Nursing Science and Scholarship was
incorporated in the State of Missouri in 1991. The Society publishes Self-Care, Dependent-Care & Nursing is the official OIS Journal.  Access to the recent journal and to the journal archive is freely available here.

Roy Adaptation Association (RAA)

The Roy Adaptation Association is a society of nursing scholars who seek to advance nursing practice by developing basic and clinical nursing knowledge based on the Roy Adaptation Model. Founded in 1991, members include: clinicians, scholars, students, researchers, and institutions, with seven international chapters. The Association publishes the Roy Adaptation Association Review

Society of Rogerian Scholars (SRS)


  • ​Advance nursing as a basic science.
  • Explore the meaning of a philosophy of wholeness for nursing.
  • Foster the understanding and the use of the Science of Unitary Human Beings as a basis for theory development, research, education, and practice.
  • Provide avenues for dissemination of information related to the Science of Unitary Human Beings.
  • Create forums for scholarly debate.
  • Provide educational forums on the Science of Unitary Human Beings.


The mission of the Society of Rogerian Scholars, Inc., is to advance nursing science through an emphasis on the Science of Unitary Human Beings. The focus of the Society is education, research, and practice in service to humankind.

Publishes Visions: The Journal of Rogerian Nursing Science; all issues are now online and free to all viewers

Transcultural Nursing Society (TCNS)

Focuses on Leininger’s Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality and other theories focused on culture.


The mission of the Transcultural Nursing Society (TCNS) is to enhance the quality of culturally congruent, competent, and equitable care that results in improved health and well being for people worldwide.

Vision:  The TCNS seeks to provide nurses and other health care professionals with the knowledge base necessary to ensure cultural competence in practice, education, research, and administration.

Philosophy/Values:  Transcultural Nursing (TCN) is a theory based humanistic discipline, designed to serve individuals, organizations, communities, and societies.  Human care/caring is defined within the context of culture.  Culturally competent care can only occur when culture care values are known and serve as the foundation for meaningful care.  Scholarship is the foundation of the discipline of TCN.  Advanced educational preparation in TCN enhances the practice of culturally competent care. Certification documents evidence of the ability to provide culturally competent care.

Watson Caring Science Institute (WCSI)

The Watson Caring Science Institute (WCSI) is an international non-profit organization created to advance the philosophies, theories and practices of Human Caring, originated by Jean Watson. The Theory and Science of Human Caring seeks to restore the profound nature of caring-healing, and bring the ethic and ethos of Love back into Healthcare. Through an extended network of professional, clinical and academic colleagues, the Institute will translate the model of Caring-Healing/Caritas into more systematic programs and services which can continue to transform healthcare, one nurse/one practitioner/one educator/one system at a time.

Goals and Objectives

  • Transform the dominant model of medical science to a model of Caring Science by reintroducing the ethic, philosophy and diverse practices of caring and Love (Caritas), necessary for healing.
  • Deepen the authentic Caring-Healing relationships between caregiver and patient/family, to restore Love and compassion as the ethical, values foundation of healthcare.
  • Translate the model of Caring-Healing/Caritas into fully integrated trans-disciplinary programs and services to help transform healthcare one nurse / one caregiver / one educator / one leader / one system at a time.
  • Ensure caring and healing for the public, improve nurse and care provider retention in healthcare settings, enhance patient care outcomes, promote safe practices, and decrease costs to the system.