Author – Hildegard Peplau, RN; EdD; FAAN; LL (Living Legend)
Year First Published – 1952
- Orientation Phase
- Working Phase
- Termination Phase
- Participant Observation
- Reframing Empathic Linkages
- Interpersonal Techniques
- Principle of Clarity
- Principle of Continuity
- Data Analysis
- Phases of the Nurse-Patient Relationship
- Pattern Integrations
A middle-range descriptive theory
“Peplau’s work is a middle-range descriptive classification theory that focuses on the phases of the interpersonal process that occur when an ill person and a nurse come together to resolve a health-related difficulty.” (Fawcett, J., & DeSanto-Madeya, S. (2013). Contemporary nursing knowledge: Analysis and evaluation of nursing models and theories (3rd ed., p. 382). Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis)
Selected Primary Sources
O’Toole, A.W., & Welt, S.R. (Eds.). (1989). Interpersonal theory in nursing practice: Selected works of Hildegard E. Peplau. New York, NY: Springer.
Peplau, H.E. (1952). Interpersonal relations in nursing: A conceptual frame of reference for psychodynamic nursing. New York, NY: G.P. Putnam’s Sons. [Reprinted 1989. London, UK: Macmillan Education Ltd. Reprinted 1991. New York, NY: Springer.] (Translated into nine languages) . Check availability here
Peplau, H.E. (1964). Basic principles of patient counseling. Philadelphia: Smith, Kline and French Laboratories.
Peplau, H.E. (1965). The heart of nursing: Interpersonal relations. Canadian Nurse, 61, 273–275.
Peplau, H.E. (1992). Interpersonal relations: A theoretical framework for application in nursing practice. Nursing Science Quarterly, 5, 13–18.
Peplau, H. E. (1991). Interpersonal relations in nursing: A conceptual frame of reference for psychodynamic nursing. New York, NY: Springer.
Peplau, H.E. (1997). Peplau’s theory of interpersonal relations. Nursing Science Quarterly, 10, 162–167
Hildegard Peplau (1909-1999)
- Diploma (1931), Pottstown, PA School of NursingBS in interpersonal psychology (1943), Bennington College, VT
- MS and EdD, Teachers College, Columbia University, NY
- Honorary doctorates from Alfred University, Duke University, Indiana Universtiy, Ohio State University, Rutgers University, and the University of Ulster, Ireland.
- Staff nurse in Pennsylvania and New York CitySchool nurse, Bennington College, VT
- Army Nurse Corps (1943-1945)
- Faculty positions at Teachers College, Columbia University, NY; Rutgers University College of Nursing (1954-1974)
- Visiting faculty appointments at various universities in Africa, Latin America, Belgium (University of Leuven 1975-1976), and the United States
- Executive Director, American Nurses Association
- President, American Nurses Association
- International Council of Nurses Christiane Reimann Prixe
- American Academy of Nursing Living Legend
- American Nurses Association Hall of Fame
(From an obituary written by Dr. Grayce Sills, with assistance from Dr. L. Anne Peplau and Bertha Reppert. Retrieved from http://publish.uwo.ca/~cforchuk/peplau/obituary.html)