Authors: Peggy L Chinn, RN, PhD, FAAN and Maeona K Kramer, PhD, APRN
Year First Published – 1983
Framework based on nursing’s patterns of knowing first published in 3rd Edition in 1991.
Patterns of Knowing (empirics, ethics, personal, aesthetics, emancipatory), theory development, critical reflection of theory
Describes a broad focus on knowledge development that includes knowledge in the aesthetic, ethical, personal and emancipatory patterns; emphasizing their vital importance for nursing care. Specific features include:
- Non-prescriptive approach to knowledge development across all patterns allowing for reasoned choices about the development approach appropriate for a variety of clinical situations.
- Provides a framework to understand nursing theory and its links with nursing research and practice.
- Examines the principles of knowledge development, from the relationship between patterns of knowing to their use in evidence-based nursing care.
- The meta-theoretical framework defines how the patterns of knowing relate to each other, the methods used for development of knowledge related to each of the patterns, and how each pattern of knowing is expressed in practice and research.
Chinn, Peggy L, & Kramer, Maeona. (2018). Knowledge Development in Nursing: Theory and Process (10th ed.). St Louis: Elsevier.
Chinn, Peggy L, & Kramer, Maeona. (2015). Knowledge Development in Nursing: Theory and Process (9th ed.). St Louis: Elsevier.
Chinn, Peggy L., & Kramer, Maeona K. (2011) Integrated Theory and Knowledge Development in Nursing (8th ed.) St. Louis: Elsevier
Chinn, Peggy L., & Kramer, Maeona K. (2007) Integrated Theory and Knowledge Development in Nursing (7th ed.) St. Louis: Elsevier. Korean translation published in 2011.
Chinn, Peggy L., & Kramer, Maeona K. (2004) Integrated Knowledge Development (6th ed.) St. Louis: CV Mosby. Translated into Danish, 2005
Chinn, Peggy L., & Kramer, Maeona K. (1999) Theory and Nursing:Integrated Knowledge Development (5th ed.) St. Louis: CV Mosby.
Chinn, Peggy L., & Kramer, Maeona K. (1995). Theory and Nursing: A Systematic Approach. (4th ed.). St. Louis: CV Mosby. Translated into Japanese in 1995. Translated into German in 1996.
Chinn, Peggy L., & Kramer, Maeona K. (1991). Theory and Nursing: A Systematic approach. (3rd ed.). St. Louis: CV Mosby.
Chinn, Peggy L., & Jacobs, Maeona K. (1987). Theory and nursing: A systematic approach (2nd ed.). St. Louis: CV Mosby.
Chinn, Peggy L., & Jacobs, Maeona K. (1983) Theory and nursing: A systematic approach. St. Louis: CV Mosby.
Peggy L. Chinn (1941 – )
Dr. Chinn is Professor Emerita of Nursing at the University of Connecticut. She is the
founding Editor of Advances in Nursing Science and authors books and journal articles on nursing theory, feminism and nursing, the art of nursing, and nursing education. She is co-founder and web manager of the Nurse Manifest Project to inspire and empower grass-roots action by nurses to shape the future of nursing and health care based on nursing’s fundamental values. Her book and website focused on cooperative group process, Peace and Power, is grounded in critical feminist theory and nursing philosophy, and is recognized as a model for critical research methods, teaching and learning, and political action.
Maeona (Mae) Kay Kramer (1943 – )
Born into a farm family in rural Michigan’s thumb area. Grew up as a tomboy doing all things farm and country and attending school in Akron Michigan. After graduating high school, attended St. Joseph’s School of Nursing in Flint, Michigan and subsequently completed my BSN, MSN and PhD at Wayne State University in Detroit. Moved to Salt Lake City and began a life long career at the University of Utah teaching a variety of subjects across all levels. Met and taught a theory course with. Peggy Chinn during the early part of my career at Utah and thus began our lifelong association around nursing theory. At Utah, I also developed my interest and understanding of feminist thought and critical theory and completed a post-masters in gerontological nursing.. Retirement came in 2006 and a mountain home in Idaho beckoned. After retirement my interest in maintaining an active involvement in nursing waned, however I have continued to work with Peggy Chinn on revisions of Knowledge Development in Nursing